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Oil Palm Yield Loss Modelling Due To Future Extreme Weather In Malaysia

Khor, Jen Feng (2020) Oil Palm Yield Loss Modelling Due To Future Extreme Weather In Malaysia. Final Year Project, UTAR.

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    Abstract

    Oil palm industry becomes popular owing to the growing demand for oil and fats in the world. Malaysia is the second largest palm oil producer, contributing about 28 % of the total world production of palm oil after Indonesia. In 2019, palm oil exports revenue contributed to 4.3 % of Malaysian Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Malaysia is exposed to extreme weather anomalies. El Niño is a natural phenomenon leading to an extreme hot and dry weather in Malaysia. As such, the production of palm oil in Malaysia could be affected by this event. Extreme episodes in 1997/98 and 2015/16 had resulted in reduction of Malaysian palm oil production, leading to fluctuation and rise of crude palm oil price due to a shortage of palm oil supply. As a result, Malaysia experienced an opportunity loss in palm oil earnings. While El Niño is an important factor in the oil palm yield, there is an underlying factor which haunts the Malaysian oil palm industry for years, the ageing of oil palm crops. The problem gets worse when El Niño hits, as aged oil palm trees could not withstand the stress due to hot weather. To explore the impact of El Niño on palm oil production, trend analyses were performed in this study. The results reflect an immediate impact of El Niño on Malaysian palm oil production. Furthermore, financial and economic impact analyses were carried out to compute the incurred losses due to El Niño and ageing of oil palm. During the 1997/98 El Niño event, at least RM 3.97 billion was lost due to low yield production. Ageing of the oil palm crops contributed 0.44 % of the estimated loss. For the 2015/16 El Niño event, the loss was at least RM 8.20 billion, with ageing loss spiked up to 11.27 %. This alarming percentage shows that ageing of oil palm crops is a worrying threat in Malaysia, if no preventative measures are to be taken. This study computes that in 2020, ageing of oil palm crops will result in a minimum opportunity loss of RM 1.49 billion, which is equivalent to 0.10 % of Malaysian 2019 GDP. Hence, it is advisable for the Malaysian government to implement efficient replanting scheme to ensure that Malaysian oil palm industry’s competitive edge in global arena is sustainable.

    Item Type: Final Year Project / Dissertation / Thesis (Final Year Project)
    Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
    Divisions: Lee Kong Chian Faculty of Engineering and Science > Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Civil Engineering
    Depositing User: Sg Long Library
    Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2020 17:51
    Last Modified: 30 Jun 2020 17:51
    URI: http://eprints.utar.edu.my/id/eprint/3720

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